What is osseous surgery or reduction surgery?
When the bone and gums that support your teeth are affected by periodontal disease, this can lead to the
of a pocket. A pocket is an area of gum tissue that has pulled away from the tooth, allowing bacteria to grow
thrive. Surgery is needed when the pocket (space between the tooth and gum) contains bacteria, plaque, and
which causes infection and breaks down the bone and gum tissue. Osseous surgery or pocket reduction surgery
making a small incision in the gums to gain access to the underlying bone. The bone is reshaped and smoothed,
the gums are repositioned over the bone.
When is reduction surgery needed?
Osseous surgery or reduction surgery is needed when periodontal disease has caused the bone supporting your teeth
to deteriorate. The bacteria in plaque produce toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to
turn red, swell, and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing
pockets (spaces) to form. If daily brushing and flossing do not remove the plaque, it hardens into a rough, porous
substance known as calculus (or tartar). This can occur both above and below the gum line. Early-stage gum disease,
known as Gingivitis, is marked by red, swollen gums that bleed easily. At this stage, the disease is still
reversible and can usually be eliminated by daily brushing and flossing. However, if the disease is allowed to
progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. This may result in shifting
teeth, loose teeth, and ultimately tooth loss.
Benefits of reduction surgery
- Reduces bacterial spread by removing deep tartar and bacteria.
- Stop periodontal disease before it affects immunity levels and causes bone loss.
- Restore the appearance of the teeth
- Supports oral hygiene habits by reducing pocket size, making it easier to brush and floss, and thereby
preventing further periodontal disease
What does reduction surgery involve?
Reduction surgery is used to remove tartar and disease-causing bacteria along with the diseased or damaged
The bone and surrounding gum tissue may be reshaped and reestablished to a healthy state. Bone grafts may be
replace bone that has been destroyed.
At LAGOS Periodontics & Dental Implants, Rodrigo A. Lagos, DDS, MS, practices a full scope of
periodontics with expertise in preventive periodontics, cosmetic periodontal surgery, gum grafting, and dental
implants. To schedule an appointment, call us at 760-568-3421 or visit our practice at 36945 Cook St.Suite 101,
Palm Desert, CA 92260.