Bone grafting is a procedure used to repair bone and encourage proper healing. If you have lost a tooth, have an infection, or have suffered bone loss, you may need a bone graft. Bone grafting can repair bone lost to infection, gum disease, or trauma. After bone grafting, your body will replace the grafted bone naturally with your own bone.
When is bone grafting necessary?
A bone graft is sometimes necessary when a tooth becomes damaged. People often lose a tooth due to trauma, injury, or tooth decay. When tooth loss occurs, the jawbone and surrounding tissues begin to deteriorate.
A bone graft restores the damaged area. After a bone graft, we will place a replacement tooth or dental implant. Dental implants are surgically implanted into the jawbone, creating a strong and stable foundation for prosthetic teeth.
Major Bone Grafting
Major bone grafting, also known as ridge augmentation, is required when there isn’t enough bone to support an implant. This can be due to an injury, a tooth extraction, periodontal disease, or genetics. The bone graft procedure involves transplanting healthy bone tissue from another location on the body to the jawbone. This means either taking a bone graft from the patient’s hip or using a donor bone from a tissue bank.
After surgery, the soft tissue is sutured closed, and patients can expect stitches to be removed after about ten days. While the patient heals, the bone will fuse with the jaw. Once the post-surgical swelling subsides, the patient can return to their everyday life.
When dental implants are placed, the jawbone will fuse with the titanium implant. In some cases, however, the jawbone does not fuse with the implant, which can cause complications. In these cases, the doctor may perform a bone graft after implant placement.
Minor Bone Grafting
Minor bone grafting procedures generally use autogenous bone (bone from the patient’s jaw). This type of grafting is typically done for ridge augmentation, sinus lift, or alveolar ridge preservation.
What are Indications for Bone Grafting?
Grafting is used during cases of advanced gum disease, facial trauma, and cosmetic purposes.
During cases of advanced gum disease, the gum and bone structure that supports the teeth have been damaged. This results in pockets, which are spaces between the teeth and gums. Bacteria can hide in these pockets and attack the gums and bone structure. This can lead to bone loss and the need for bone grafting.
During facial trauma, chipped teeth or knocked-out teeth require grafting to prevent tooth loss and support the tooth.
For cosmetic purposes, grafting can improve the appearance of teeth that appear short, fractured, or weak.
At LAGOS Periodontics & Dental Implants, Rodrigo A. Lagos, DDS, MS, practices a full scope of periodontics with expertise in preventive periodontics, cosmetic periodontal surgery, gum grafting, and dental implants. To schedule an appointment, call us at 760-568-3421 or visit our practice at 36945 Cook St.Suite 101, Palm Desert, CA 92260.